Michelle Juan

November 10th, 2010

Michelle Juan

Ateneo de Manila University law graduate

assistant and legal researcher of Supreme Court Associate Justice Mariano del Castillo

Source: inquirer.net

Juan, Michelle Ann U., A.B., J.D.

Michelle Juan is a Professorial Lecturer in the Ateneo de Manila School of Law, teaching Legal Research, Legal Logic, Property, and Private International Law. She earned her B.A. [Philosophy] from the Ateneo in 1997, and her J.D. in 2002. She has also lectured at the Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila (University of the City of Manila) and the FEU-DLSU JD-MBA Program.

Michelle graduated 3rd in her batch, received a special commendation for her J.D. thesis [on the use of force in international law], and was the recipient of the St. Thomas More Award. Beyond these academic achievements, she was also Editor-in-Chief of the Ateneo Law Journal, and member/oralist of the Ateneo team to the Philip C. Jessup International Moot Court Competition.

Michelle went on to place 4th in the 2002 National Bar Examinations, and then worked as an Associate with Romulo Mabanta Buenaventura Sayoc & De Los Angeles, one of the leading law firms in the Philippines, specializing in domestic and international arbitration, cross-border transactions, and commercial litigation.

She has worked with the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner of Human Rights, as well as various foundations and NGOs in the Philippines which focus on the rights and integral development of indigenous peoples, including the Assisi Development Foundation, Pamulaan Center for Indigenous Peoples Education, Ilawan Center for Peace & Sustainable Development, Tugdaan Mangyan Center for Learning and Development, and the Indigenous Peoples Livelihood Assistance Network. She also currently serves as the Legal Director of the World Youth Alliance – an international non-governmental organization based in New York City that is committed to promoting the dignity of the person in international policy.

For SY 2007-2008, Michelle has been admitted to the LL.M. program of the NYU School of Law as a Hugo Grotius Scholar in International Legal Studies.

Source: Ateneo de Manila Law School

Successful Bar Examinees 2009

April 4th, 2009

2008 Bar Examinations

Filers: 6,550 law graduates
Admitted: 6,533
Takers: 6,364
Passers: 1,310

Top examinees
1. Judy Lardizabal (San Sebastian College)
Rating: 85.70%

2. Mylene Amerol-Macumbal (Mindanao State University)
Rating: 85.65%

3. Oliver Baclay Jr. Ateneo de Manila University – 85.60

4. Majesty Eve Jala, Ateneo de Manila University – 85.55

5. Maria Elizabeth Liceralde, UP Diliman – 85.40

6. Michael Macapagal, UP Diliman – 84.15

7. Denise Dy, Ateneo de Manila University – 84
April Love Regis, Ateneo de Manila University – 84

8. Christine Joy Tan, Ateneo de Manila University– 83.80

9. Jihan Jacob, San Beda College – 83.75

10. Vanessa Raymundo, San Beda College– 83.70

Roll of Successful Bar Examinees
Held on September 7, 14, 21, and 28, 2008
Released on April 3, 2009

LAST NAME FIRST NAME M.I.
1 ABABA Victoria D
2 ABAD Bernard O
3 ABAD Francis Michael C
4 ABADEZA Melissa A
5 ABALOS Christian Noel C
6 ABALOS Joseph Ryan C
7 ABALOS Mcdonald G
8 ABANTE Priscilla Marie T
9 ABARCA Jerome G
10 ABAYA Mark Francis P
11 ABAYON Jerome B
12 ABDULLAH Noor Hafizullah M
13 ABEJARON Arnold C
14 ABELITA Peter Filip S
15 ABELLA Marie Velle P
16 ABENOJAR Lilian C
17 ABESAMIS Ellen V
18 ABO Rolando T
19 ABREA Elton Dick J
20 ABRENICA Angelee Marree A
21 ABUCEJO Joan D
22 ABYADANG Harriet N
23 ACHAS John Albino C
24 ACOSTA Carl De Liz L
25 ADJU Annally T
26 ADMANA Gerlie A
27 ADRIANO Alexander DG
28 ADRIANO Karen J
29 ADVINCULA Ma. Carolina T
30 AFRICA Voltaire B
31 AGAAB Jose Raphael E
32 AGATEP, JR. Orlino D
33 AGGALAO Arnold O
34 AGRAVANTE Evelyn T
35 AGTARAP Florina C
36 AGTARAP Richard M
37 AGUAS Princess Luren D
38 AGUDO Elma Jewelle A
39 AGUILAR Aileen R
40 ALANO Joseph Rod Allan C
41 ALBO Aubrey F
42 ALCANTARA Abraham Joseph B
43 ALCARDE Princess May C
44 ALCOREZA Joden B
45 ALCUAZ Alfonso Ismael A
46 ALEGRE Jacqueline Ann C
47 ALEGRE Marife M
48 ALEJANDRO Henry D
49 ALEJANDRO Johnsen H
50 ALIBANIA, JR. Eliseo C
51 ALICER Arthur Anthony S
52 ALILAM James G
53 ALIPIO, II Abraham C
54 ALISUAG Ma. Lenina C
55 ALLAM Marion P
56 ALMA JOSE Sylvia R
57 ALMALBIS Jelou F
58 ALMARIO Gilbert S
59 ALMARIO Shari-christine S
60 ALMAZAR Michael Barney R
61 ALMERO Rowena Joyce R
62 ALMOETE Martee L
63 ALMOGUERA Hanil B
64 ALMONTE, JR. Bienvenido B
65 ALONZO Timmy Joy S
66 ALPAY Zinia P
67 ALUNDAY Reynold B
68 ALVINA Cynthia L
69 AMBOANG Louilyn N
70 AMEROL-MACUMBAL Mylene I
71 AMIGABLE, JR. Felizardo D
72 AMIS Kathryn D
73 AMISTAD Christian B
74 AMOD Merxel Mae O
75 AMOR Aileen L
76 AMOR Fernando R
77 AMORA, JR. Lilio J
78 AMPIG Francis Athanasius D
79 AMPONG, III Teodulfo S
80 ANDRES Gilbert T
81 ANDUMANG Archie R
82 ANG Arlon U
83 ANG Juvielet Jeanne A
84 ANGELES Albert Lee G
85 ANGELES Erwin C
86 ANGELES Erwin Rommel S
87 ANIAG Mark Anthony V
88 ANITO Mylene A
89 ANONAT Jerry C
90 ANTERO Richard S
91 ANTIG Pamela Angela U
92 ANTONIO Elizabeth B
93 ANTONIO Hannah Lorraine Y
94 ANTONIO Harold M
95 AOANAN Kleider Rex C
96 APAO, JR. Mariano L
97 APASAN Joseph Ryan C
98 APILADO Louella Xylee T
99 APOLINARIO Charmaine C
100 APUYOD Jesus F
101 AQUENDE Hardy B
102 AQUINO Magnolia P
103 AQUINO Mark M
104 AQUINO Paolo R
105 AQUINO Patrick T
106 ARANAS Melchor Jaemond A
107 ARAULA, II Felix B
108 ARBOLADURA Rhea A
109 ARBOLEDA Lisette M
110 ARCE Cecilia Maria Rosario M
111 ARCE Liwayway D
112 ARCENAL-NOGRA Aiiza Fiel A
113 ARELLANO-AGUDA Jesusa Loreto A
114 ARGABIOSO Antonio S
115 ARGENIO Kareen May E
116 ARIAS Jolienne Lee D
117 ARIOLA Aimee Riza S
118 ARIOSA Gia L
119 ARITAO, JR. Benjamin E
120 ARNADO Richard M
121 ARQUILLO Ruby B
122 ARTUZ Pearly Sheila F
123 ARZADON Romino G
124 ASENCION Marissa R
125 ASUNCION, III Isaiah O
126 ATAS Richelle L
127 ATENSOR Joseph Brian A
128 ATIENZA Catalino C
129 ATIENZA Katrina Catherine P
130 ATIENZA Leynard B
131 ATIENZA Verdie J
132 ATOS Richelle Mae G
133 AURO Christian V
134 AUTENTICO Ana Michaela N
135 AVELLANO Christine F
136 AVISADO Ethel C
137 AYENG Adelaide Nancy Sybil G
138 AYO Danilo M
139 AYUNGO Theodorick K
140 AZARRAGA Juliet C
141 AÑOVER Paul Vincent W

Roll of Successful Bar Examinees
Held on September 7, 14, 21, and 28, 2008
Released on April 3, 2009

142 BA-ALAN Orlando A
143 BACARAMAN Nur Jaypha R
144 BACLAY, JR. Oliver P
145 BACLAYO Ruby T
146 BACOLOR Heidi F
147 BACON Edwin M
148 BACONG Jeanie Rose A
149 BAETIONG Joselito M
150 BAGGAYAN Ma. Jonalyn F
151 BAGSIT Liza Flor T
152 BAGUIO Fritz B
153 BAHIAN Rachelle I
154 BAHJIN, II Jainal Abidin Y
155 BAI Muhlis S
156 BAJENIO Webb I
157 BALANGCOD Christobal J
158 BALANGITAN Mark Jeff W
159 BALANON Maxlen C
160 BALBOA Conrada A
161 BALDOVINO Renoir O
162 BALLARAN Armi L
163 BALLINAN John Dale A
164 BALMEO Trinidad V
165 BALTAR Jonathan Z
166 BALTAZAR Jay Francis P
167 BALTAZAR Ma. Francesca Q
168 BANAGUI Leah B
169 BANALAGAY Harold Howell D
170 BANDONELL Marinel F
171 BANIQUED Marigel M
172 BANSON, JR. Ceferino W
173 BANTASAN Joel C
174 BANZON Melissa Suzette L
175 BAQUIRAN Monalyn Ann L
176 BARATA Erwin N
177 BARCENAS Ligaya Victoria U
178 BARIL-LLEGUE Josefina M
179 BARIN Anna Gayle T
180 BARING-PRIETO Aiza Marie M
181 BARRIOS, III Isidro B
182 BARTOLOME Harold Ian V
183 BARTOLOME Prescila D
184 BARTOLOME Vincent Vos R
185 BARTOLOME, JR. David S
186 BARTOLOME, JR. Gaudencio P
187 BASA Fernando C
188 BASANES Karla Kristine L
189 BASCO Diana Joyce N
190 BASILGO Gembeth G
191 BATAC Regina C
192 BATALLA Maria Phenny Joan G
193 BATE Nover M
194 BATHAN Maricris E
195 BATU Kasarinlan S
196 BAUTISTA Cliff John C
197 BAYOTAS Michael Darwin M
198 BAYSAC Dianna Lynne S
199 BAÑAGA Myra Janina P
200 BAÑEZ Emerson S
201 BEJA Ma. Jela Teresa S
202 BELARMINO-RUMA Brenda R
203 BELEN Vernon A
204 BELENA Persephone Meir B
205 BELLEZA John M
206 BELMES Mae Richelle B
207 BELMONTE Mary Elizabeth (marybee) M
208 BERAN-BARAOIDAN Catherin B
209 BERIANA Charlene A
210 BERMEJO Ma. Teresa Ana V
211 BERMEJO Maricel F
212 BERNABE, II Regina V
213 BERNALES, JR. Marcial P
214 BERNARDINO Aida S
215 BERNARDINO-BAÑEZ Noralyn C
216 BERON Jay Cesar I
217 BESSAT Madeleine A
218 BIBAL Joanne Mae A
219 BIGOL Maria Victoria B
220 BILONGILOT Joana Q
221 BIRON Jose Noe James S
222 BONDAD, JR. Rodolfo A
223 BONGAR Kharen Lee P
224 BONGHANOY Liewellyn F
225 BORJA Haidee O
226 BORJA Jacqueline Q
227 BORRA Katrina P
228 BRACIA M. Melvin B
229 BRAGADO Joel Emilio F
230 BRAGAT Maria Lourdes C
231 BREGALA Dennis B
232 BRILLANTES Fel Lester G
233 BRINGAS Catherine S
234 BRION Francis C
235 BRIONES Estrellita B
236 BROCALES Christopher Redeemson R
237 BROTONEL Jo Katrina V
238 BRUAN, JR. Cesario B
239 BUBAN Josephine M
240 BUENA Delbert Clifford V
241 BUENDIA Cristina B
242 BUENO Cheryl F
243 BUGA-AY Vicente Fidel C
244 BUGAOAN Eric Vincent H
245 BUGHAO Melvin Cydrick M
246 BUHAIN Camille R
247 BUNDOC Jacqueline C
248 BUNGABONG Kurt Adolph C
249 BURDAS-CASTRO Arlie R
250 BURDEOS Sherry Joy O
251 BURGOS Ma. Lourdes S
252 BUSI Barrytone A

Roll of Successful Bar Examinees
Held on September 7, 14, 21, and 28, 2008
Released on April 3, 2009

253 CABADING Marilex L
254 CABALI Pearl Grace G
255 CABALLERO Maynard G
256 CABANGON Ley A
257 CABANILLA Cris Francis O
258 CABANSAG Glynis Lyn R
259 CABIC Ellen Aster B
260 CABOTEJA, JR. Romeo O
261 CABRERA Cherrie Mae S
262 CABRERA Maria Christine C
263 CABRIDO Candice Elizabeth A
264 CACATIAN-BARANGAN Freniza Joy D
265 CACAYURAN Sheryll P
266 CACCAM-FIGUEROA Rowena B
267 CACHAPERO Marty P
268 CACHO Arlene Valerie G
269 CADIOGAN, JR. Randolph C
270 CAINTO Angela Faith L
271 CAINTO Leo V
272 CAJIGAL Wilbur R
273 CAJILIG Geraldine A
274 CALAGUI Eric-john S
275 CALALO-MACAPAGAL Vivian B
276 CALAMBA Winsor B
277 CALATRAVA Ira R
278 CALDE Nimreh L
279 CALDE Roland P
280 CALINISAN Rafael Vicente R
281 CALPO Ma. Lourdes Gaye T
282 CAMACHO Alva C
283 CAMANDERO-GURO Kristine M
284 CAMARA Mark Darwin A
285 CAMPANER Francisco M
286 CANDELARIA Desiree G
287 CANIBA May A
288 CANTALEJO John Dale A
289 CANTIL Jason A
290 CANTIMBUHAN Veron Joy J
291 CAPARAS Melanie C
292 CAPINPIN Michael Joseph C
293 CAPUSEN Dimsey J
294 CAPUYAN Julifaith C
295 CARDENAS Maria Josella Teresa M
296 CARILLO Mae Jill B
297 CARINGAL Carlos M
298 CARINGAL Glenda Leah A
299 CARITOS Rona Ann V
300 CARIÑO Arbin Omar P
301 CARIÑO Marlon M
302 CARLOS Roy E
303 CARMONA Sheila Minnelli V
304 CASTASUS Lee Guian Paulo O
305 CASTIL Rico C
306 CASTILLEJO Raymond Christle N
307 CASTILLO Eleazar E
308 CASTILLO Javerick G
309 CASTILLO Ma. Christina G
310 CASTILLO Paul Cornelius T
311 CASTILLO, JR. Emmanuel F
312 CASTRO Allan R
313 CASTRO Carmencita D
314 CASTRO Cyril Alfred S
315 CASTRO Elvira Joselle R
316 CASTRO Jose Romulo L
317 CASTRO Lorelei A
318 CASTRO Rohail R
319 CATALO Janice C
320 CATAPANG Dyan Kristi C
321 CATAPANG-ROSALES Luzviminda C
322 CATIBAYAN Luis Manuel M
323 CATRE Mary Christine Charisse G
324 CATRE, JR. Noel Christian G
325 CAUILAN Joey L
326 CAUNAN Patricia Yvonne M
327 CAYANGA Edelisa May M
328 CAZEÑAS Mary Dezerie D
329 CAÑAL Renato E
330 CAÑAMO Peter B
331 CAÑEDO Jose Ritche O
332 CAÑEDO, JR. Florenz O
333 CAÑETE Ferdinand C
334 CAÑO Maria Janice B
335 CECILIO, JR. Uldarico P
336 CEDEÑO Al Joseph V
337 CENIZA Yvonne C
338 CENTENO Joseph Darren C
339 CEREZO Jimbert A
340 CERVANTES Leonardo Roy A
341 CHAN Marvin A
342 CHAN Phil Ivan A
343 CHANECO Maria Cecilia V
344 CHANYUNGCO Caleen T
345 CHAO-AYAN Lalaine Y
346 CHAVEZ, JR. Raul B
347 CHAVEZ-BERNARDO Anunsacion P
348 CHING Betha Fe A
349 CHIONG Kristine Vanessa T
350 CHOI Christina T
351 CHONG Juan Ruffo D
352 CHUA Joan A
353 CHUA Jon Anton Daryl Y
354 CHUA Marites L
355 CHUA Maximilian
356 CHUA CHENG Perfecto Adelfo C
357 CIRILO Kristine Ria N
358 CLARIN Armando T
359 CLARINO Madonna N
360 CLEMENCIO Djhoana Gene A
361 CLEMENTE Katrina O
362 CLOMA Melissa D
363 CO Janice L
364 COBSEN Martinelli R
365 COLES Christopher R
366 COLINIO, JR. Ricardo A
367 COLLANTES King George Leandro Antonio V
368 COMAFAY, JR. Errol B
369 COMAHIG Niño Rey P
370 CONDEZ Christina Faye M
371 CONDEZ Dustin Jay A
372 CONDOR Glenn D
373 CONSEBIT Norlyn P
374 CONSTANTINO Alvin Joseph G
375 CONSTANTINO Bernie Francis B
376 CONSTANTINO Cherry Mae M
377 CONSTANTINO Placido S
378 CONTRERAS Monaliza G
379 CORGOS Lenon Jay A
380 CORNEL Bernadette O
381 CORPUZ Christine C
382 CORPUZ Cynthia C
383 CORTES Santos Anthony O
384 COSTELO Arnold C
385 COTIAMCO Casiano Anthony G
386 CRESPO Alesandro G
387 CRISTOBAL Kristan Carlos M
388 CRUZ Agatha Paula A
389 CRUZ Anthony Ronar B
390 CRUZ Carmenez B
391 CRUZ Ferdinand O
392 CRUZ Karl Cornelio A
393 CRUZ, JR. Rene P
394 CRUZ-MENDOZA Karen Kaye C
395 CU Migñon Chrix D
396 CUA Mary Kimberly G
397 CUBERO John Paul B
398 CUEVAS Brian James C
399 CUGAL Arnold V
400 CUIZON Cyril Bryan D
401 CULANCULAN Ma. Cherryl M
402 CUMITAG Gaius P
403 CURAZA Maria Aurora R
404 CUSTODIO Niersen C
405 CUÑADA Jp Anthony D
406 CUÑANO Paul Michael J

Roll of Successful Bar Examinees
Held on September 7, 14, 21, and 28, 2008
Released on April 3, 2009

407 DAAYATA Jessamine M
408 DABU Maria Helen T
409 DACLAN Eller Roel I
410 DACQUEL Denny A
411 DAGARAGA Roschelle B
412 DALANAO Heidiliza G
413 DALANGIN, JR. Bart Q
414 DALLO Zorayda R
415 DANAO Catherine S
416 DANLAG-LUIG Razel A
417 DANO Richard M
418 DATOON Teresita U
419 DAVID Kristine Kay S
420 DAVID Timothy J
421 DAYAG Wilhelmina Mojet S
422 DE CASTRO Thomas John Thaddeus F
423 DE GUZMAN Rico J
424 DE GUZMAN, III Ricardo C
425 DE JESUS Michael Ken R
426 DE JUAN-HERMOSO Maribeth L
427 DE LA CRUZ Kareen P
428 DE LARA Joel M
429 DE LEON Cyril F
430 DE LEON May Angeli G
431 DE LEON, JR. Hernan Ed Noel L
432 DE LOS SANTOS, JR. Ricardo C
433 DE LUNA Sherwin M
434 DE PERALTA Christian G
435 DE VERA Celina S
436 DE VEYRA Juan Carlos J
437 DEFANTE Divi Bless G
438 DEL SOCORRO Lloyd Ismael O
439 DELA CHICA Jose Jay E
440 DELA CRUZ Allen S
441 DELA CRUZ Donna Cher A
442 DELA CRUZ Eric B
443 DELA CRUZ John Gerald B
444 DELA CRUZ June Abigail S
445 DELA CRUZ Marie Francesca Luz O
446 DELA PAZ Carmela T
447 DELA PEÑA Aldin P
448 DELA RAMA Myra P
449 DELFIN Jeremy Diosana
450 DELGADO Julius Gregory B
451 DELOS REYES Grace Maria Theresa Bambi A
452 DELOS SANTOS Mar Angelo G
453 DEMETILLO Jasmin M
454 DERIGAY Rachel F
455 DIANO Melanie Rita B
456 DICIANO Rachel I
457 DIDAL Janice M
458 DIMACULANGAN Karen L
459 DIMAISIP Joyce Jazmin G
460 DIMANLIG Nicole Ava S
461 DINO Jan Paulo DL
462 DIONISIO Mary Jaynard P
463 DITAN Maria Cristina A
464 DIVINAGRACIA Angiebel A
465 DIVINO Markson E
466 DIÑO Dominic A
467 DOCDOCIL Edith A
468 DOMINGO Bernard Joseph E
469 DOMINGO Johnson V
470 DOMINGO Joyce Felisa B
471 DOMINGO Maria Paula B
472 DOMINGUEZ Ina Alexandra A
473 DOMINO Julie Ann B
474 DORIA Arnold V
475 DUEÑAS Niña Genoveva D
476 DUNGCA Joy F
477 DURAN Alain Zam C
478 DURAN Marie Christine A
479 DURANO Mylene M
480 DY Denise S
481 DY Mark Robert A
482 DYKIMCHING Eric T

Roll of Successful Bar Examinees
Held on September 7, 14, 21, and 28, 2008
Released on April 3, 2009

483 EBREO Madonna L
484 EDUARTE, JR. Henedino Joseph P
485 ELANG Muiz-za M
486 ELE Maria Felicitas V
487 ELOT Beda Joy B
488 ENOPIA Frederick A
489 ENTILA Julius C
490 ERNI-PUENTENEGRA Ma. Gay A
491 ESCAUSO Ronald C
492 ESCOLANO Ida Marie V
493 ESGUERRA Roman S
494 ESPEJO-BIAG Angela Patrice A
495 ESPELA Melan M
496 ESPINELI Karen Jill M
497 ESPINO Alain Paul B
498 ESPINOSA Mark B
499 ESPIRITU Kristine Nicole M
500 ESPONILLA Neil P
501 ESQUEJO Hilda L
502 ESQUIVIAS Julius Thomas A
503 ESTOCAPIO Rene C
504 ESTOLAS May Angeli M
505 ESTRELLA Paula Sophia G
506 EUSTAQUIO Magnolia D
507 EVANGELISTA Rafael A

Roll of Successful Bar Examinees
Held on September 7, 14, 21, and 28, 2008
Released on April 3, 2009

508 FABIAN Marie P
509 FABILLAN Alexanderwerk E
510 FAJARDO Jean S
511 FAMOR Orwin Lloyd M
512 FARIÑAS Cherry Dane A
513 FAURILLO Michelle A
514 FAVIS Maria Cristina D
515 FAVORITO Meliza F
516 FELICIANO Dennis P
517 FELIPE Jennifer D
518 FERNANDEZ Ennoh Chentis R
519 FERNANDEZ Maricel D
520 FERNANDEZ Mc Jill Bryant T
521 FERNANDEZ Suzie A
522 FERNANDEZ, IV Cristobal R
523 FERRER Maricris S
524 FERROLINO Concepcion Zeny E
525 FERROLINO Ted M
526 FLORES Aldwin Z
527 FLORES Ellen Grace R
528 FLORES Pedrito B
529 FLORES Sherwin D
530 FLORIA Joselea Y
531 FOZ Justice Anthony A
532 FRANCISCO Mariel L
533 FRANCISCO, JR. Philomel D
534 FRANCO Karin-lei N
535 FRISNEDI April Joy L
536 FUENTEBELLA Felix William B
537 FUENTES Ruth C
538 FULE-LOGAN Kathy Luisa G
539 FURIGAY Mark Leo P

Roll of Successful Bar Examinees
Held on September 7, 14, 21, and 28, 2008
Released on April 3, 2009

540 GABIHAN Dennis R
541 GABOR Allan Jae V
542 GABRIEL Daisy Ann S
543 GABRIEL Sherry Anne C
544 GACUTAN Sheila C
545 GAELA Frederick C
546 GALANG Emmanuel L
547 GALANTO Mary Anne B
548 GALAPON Martin C
549 GALVAN Mark J
550 GALVEZ Hernando C
551 GALVEZ Mechelee Kieth F
552 GAMBOA Joan Lou P
553 GANA Joanna Kristine S
554 GAPATAN Jasmine Ann B
555 GARCIA Grace P
556 GARCIA Jesse James A
557 GARCIA Kerwyn D
558 GARCIA Marc Jeremiah R
559 GARCIA Maria Khristina Z
560 GARCIA Marisa P
561 GARCIA Mark Evarra M
562 GARCIA Michael P
563 GARCIA-GABRIEL Aura Rizza A
564 GARRUCHO Gretchen Y
565 GATDULA Eddielyn L
566 GATURIAN Lalaine T
567 GAVAS, JR. Ernesto R
568 GAY-YA Jerico G
569 GAYAGAY Romelyn B
570 GEALON Rey M
571 GEBILAGUIN Shiela D
572 GELBOLINGO Juliemie B
573 GENUINO Erwin F
574 GEOCANIGA Rommel T
575 GERMAN Dainelee V
576 GIANAN, JR. Lino A
577 GIGA Marlou C
578 GIGANTONE-CADIZ Shemidah
579 GO Abigail V
580 GO Erdelyne C
581 GO Ormil D
582 GOLEZ Sylvester P
583 GOMEZ Ira Jordana Margrethe M
584 GOMEZ Jacqueline Ann Marie O
585 GOMEZ Mark Louie L
586 GOMEZ Michael Geronimo R
587 GOMEZ Patricia Isabel O
588 GOMINTONG Jemarose G
589 GONZALES Ivy C
590 GONZALES Lifrendo M
591 GONZALES, JR. Cesario G
592 GONZALEZ Archimedes B
593 GONZALEZ Rosario Carmela B
594 GORRES Angelina Luisa V
595 GRANDE Charlemagne Angelo C
596 GREGORIO Anah T
597 GREGORIO Jenneth M
598 GRIMALDO Ivy Joy R
599 GUAN Ina Claire B
600 GUARNES, JR. Felix G
601 GUAYCO Gideon Rey V
602 GUERRERO Alejandro Epifanio D
603 GUERRERO Feliz Marie M
604 GUERRERO Kathleen Phyllis P
605 GUEVARRA Melanie O
606 GUEVARRA Rexford D
607 GUMABON Joseph Ray P
608 GUMATAY, JR. Efren G
609 GUMBAO Ethyl Fe T
610 GUNGON Flora Fe B
611 GUYO Muamar A

Roll of Successful Bar Examinees
Held on September 7, 14, 21, and 28, 2008
Released on April 3, 2009

612 HAMOY Owlette Christine Jill D
613 HARON Noharddin M
614 HASSAN Najira S
615 HASSIMAN Jalsidrie T
616 HERNANDEZ Elaine May P
617 HERNANDEZ Helen Grace S
618 HERNANDEZ Robert A
619 HERNANDEZ Rosette M
620 HERNANE Herbert B
621 HERRERA Catherine N
622 HIPOLITO Maria Bienvenida Angelica D
623 HORCASITAS Harold M
624 HUECAS Roy V

Roll of Successful Bar Examinees
Held on September 7, 14, 21, and 28, 2008
Released on April 3, 2009

625 IDAGO-BELINO Irma Gay G
626 IGNACIO Maria Theresa Distajo
627 ILAGAN, IV Ruben R
628 ILUSTRISIMO Beverly F
629 INIHAO Reymund G
630 INOCENCIO, JR. Miguel C
631 ISIDORO Augusto Eric C
632 ISRAEL Johnny W
633 ISRAEL Marilyn M

Roll of Successful Bar Examinees
Held on September 7, 14, 21, and 28, 2008
Released on April 3, 2009

634 JACOB Jihan A
635 JALA Majesty Eve L
636 JAM Madeline Arezu T
637 JAMBANGAN Bambeth Mahal C
638 JARA Thacher C
639 JARAMILLA Gilbert M
640 JAVIER Doris C
641 JAVIER Kirby G
642 JAVIER Nesly Joy S
643 JAVILLO-AGUILA Lilibeth M
644 JAYSON Renelyn B
645 JIMENEZ Vicente S
646 JONES Ramon Jose E
647 JOSOL Mary Kathleen C
648 JOVEN Melissa Genevieve B
649 JUAN Eric R
650 JUMUAD Harold A
651 JURADO Leonard Peejay V
652 JURILLA Keenan Rhys Y
653 JUSAY Kenneth J

Roll of Successful Bar Examinees
Held on September 7, 14, 21, and 28, 2008
Released on April 3, 2009

654 KAKIHARA Jiro G
655 KALIM Abdul Rashid P
656 KAPALAC Judemar V
657 KIMAYONG Zozimo P
658 KINTANAR Maria Ysidra May Y

Roll of Successful Bar Examinees
Held on September 7, 14, 21, and 28, 2008
Released on April 3, 2009

659 LABINE Annie Rose L
660 LABRADOR Felmanda C
661 LABRIAGA Ma. Jessette G
662 LACSON Rosstum C
663 LADERA, IV Antonio V
664 LADORES Ivan Mark S
665 LAGAN Rachel Lee V
666 LAGUDAS, JR. Eulogio L
667 LAGULA Kristina V
668 LAGUNZAD Sam Dominic T
669 LAJA Leah Easter P
670 LALUNA Ma. Isabel Z
671 LAMBO Ma. Celeste R
672 LAMPACAN Andres Arnold W
673 LAO Kristyn Jean R
674 LAOLAO, JR. Antonio L
675 LARA Maria Leah R
676 LARDIZABAL Judy A
677 LARGO Nelson V
678 LARGOZA Salvador Gregorio L
679 LARIBA Ma. Gloria Alphine S
680 LARIOSA Jessie A
681 LASAM-CUMAGUN Mari-grace C
682 LAURESTE Florida L
683 LAURON Manuel Patrick K
684 LAYGO Jennifer E
685 LAZARITO Khristine Kay M
686 LEDESMA Cheryl Marie V
687 LEE Janice C
688 LEE Kelvin Lester K
689 LEE Marjorie B
690 LEGASPI Bellatrix O
691 LEGASPI Joan Michelle M
692 LEUNG Florendo L
693 LEYCANO Andrea B
694 LEYVA Eunika Lesli R
695 LIANGCO Daryl G
696 LICERA Geony P
697 LICERALDE Ma. Elizabeth L
698 LICO Marisse Gay G
699 LIGMAYO Paul D
700 LIM Bryan S
701 LIM Laarni Victoria B
702 LIM Lovely E
703 LIMBING Cheryl T
704 LINCUNA Duke Ramil P
705 LLANES Lawrence Q
706 LOCAYLOCAY Amife Joan C
707 LOCSIN Ryan A
708 LOFRANCO Vicar Loureen G
709 LOGRONIO Jennie Ann T
710 LOPEZ Dhonadette L
711 LOPEZ Michael Angelo O
712 LOPEZ-ORO Corazon Natividad D
713 LORENZO Edmond B
714 LORENZO Neil E
715 LUARDO, JR. Edgardo B
716 LUCERO Rhoan G
717 LUCILA, II Roberto Rafael N
718 LUIS Benjamin S
719 LUMACTOD Joseph Eric C
720 LUMASAC-TORREGOSA Paz L
721 LUMEREZ, JR. Cresente B
722 LYNN Jacques S

Roll of Successful Bar Examinees
Held on September 7, 14, 21, and 28, 2008
Released on April 3, 2009

723 MABANES April Rose S
724 MACABANDO Samina S
725 MACABAYA Beryl Concepcion O
726 MACAPAGAL Ferdinand L
727 MACAPAGAL Michael T
728 MACAPAGAL Paolo P
729 MACARUBBO Epifania B
730 MACATANGAY Augusto Leon A
731 MACATANGAY Michael Remir H
732 MACAYRA Marianne M
733 MACEREN Lyndon A
734 MACOY Cristine L
735 MACTAL Walter L
736 MADRILEJO Leonides M
737 MAGISTRADO Luis D
738 MAGNABE Kirk Andrew T
739 MAGSOLING Carl A
740 MAGTIBAY Medwin B
741 MAGTUBO Rey E
742 MAHAWAN Benison M
743 MAHINAY Girlie C
744 MAHIPUS Diosdado Angelo Junior R
745 MALABAG Maria Rhodora A
746 MALABANAN Karen M
747 MALANDAC Clariza P
748 MALAPOTE Paul Edgar F
749 MALAYA Milagros Evans I
750 MALIBIRAN Bernard Joseph B
751 MALIGAYA Greg Zacarias M
752 MALLARI Katrina Bianca H
753 MAMBA Maria Rosario S
754 MANABILANG Haroun Bin Omar E
755 MANALASTAS Dennis Gerard F
756 MANALAYSAY Andrea Celene M
757 MANALAYSAY Anna Karin F
758 MANALIGOD Ismael T
759 MANALO Paul Erik D
760 MANANGHAYA Maria Melinda S
761 MANANZAN Monica J
762 MANAOG Mary Hazel C
763 MANAOIS Fely Reina V
764 MANCENIDO Uella Vida V
765 MANGENTE Myra S
766 MANGUBAT Rhea M
767 MANLANGIT Angelo D
768 MANONGAS Queen Ann D
769 MANSILUNGAN Donna D
770 MANTE, JR. Urbano T
771 MANUBAG Amiel Joaquin E
772 MARABE Ridgway C
773 MARAON Leah B
774 MARAPAO Lord V R
775 MARASIGAN Jennifer M
776 MARASIGAN Nerissa L
777 MARGARICO Paul Andre R
778 MARGATE Karl Anthony R
779 MARIANITO Ronel A
780 MARIANO Emmanuel M
781 MARQUEZ Joyce Marie B
782 MARQUIÑO John Mark C
783 MARTELINO Jobert M
784 MARTHO Edgar S
785 MARTIN Karl Francis S
786 MARTIN Nilo N
787 MARTINEZ Amelia Cristina V
788 MARTIZANO Leah T
789 MARZAN Antonio F
790 MARZO Lailani C
791 MASACAL Anwar U
792 MATA, II Reynold DG
793 MATEO Eleanor R
794 MATIAS Dexter G
795 MATILLANO Lovely Concepcion C
796 MAURICIO Paul Vincent R
797 MAXIMO Dinah P
798 MAÑALAC Maria Elizabeth S
799 MEDIANA-ARENASA Jenlyn B
800 MEDRANO Jayferson F
801 MEER Rafael Antonio P
802 MENDOZA Claudie M
803 MENDOZA Exzon B
804 MENDOZA Gerald Al P
805 MENDOZA Justin Christopher C
806 MENDOZA Melinda Cielo C
807 MENDOZA Sunshine D
808 MENDOZA Winston Aris M
809 MENESES Hermielita M
810 MENOR Benjie Benjamin A
811 MENOR Dianna Kathrina C
812 MERCADO Charade B
813 MERCADO Jihan Carla T
814 MESINA Maria Merle M
815 MICIANO Renee Lynn C
816 MIGUEL Genalyn N
817 MILITANTE Karen Leslie N
818 MILLAN Sharon B
819 MIRANDA Romina M
820 MISA John Paul Louis D
821 MISON Rafael Jaime A
822 MOISES Mary Grace D
823 MOLAS Karen Lisette T
824 MOLDEZ Mary Glenn T
825 MOLINA Christian Dawn G
826 MON Maricar F
827 MONJARDIN Marc Lee N
828 MONSALUD Kristin Ayn D
829 MONTEALEGRE Cheryll Grace H
830 MONTEALTO Stahrl Khristine G
831 MONTECER Marie Concepcion A
832 MONTESCLAROS Marius T
833 MONTINO Raul R
834 MONTON, JR. Higino A
835 MORADA Joyce Marie Antoinette L
836 MORALEDA Karla Monica S
837 MORALES April Raine B
838 MORALES Reggie E
839 MORALLOS-OMAR Maria Laarni N
840 MORANDO Jovit R
841 MORCILLA Rea L
842 MOSQUEDA Carmela V
843 MOTRIL Helen Grace A

Roll of Successful Bar Examinees
Held on September 7, 14, 21, and 28, 2008
Released on April 3, 2009

844 NACARIO Jupiter V
845 NADELA, JR. Raul A
846 NAMALATA Joeffrey D
847 NARAG, JR. Mario Atanasio P
848 NARAWI Jullie Mael M
849 NASDOMAN Johnson P
850 NATINO-FALALIMPA Kristin Marie L
851 NATIVIDAD Christian D
852 NATIVIDAD Maria Cecilia G
853 NAVARRO Ma. Cristina T
854 NEBRIJA Michael V
855 NEMENZO Ann Marie L
856 NEPOMUCENO Alex B
857 NEPOMUCENO Ann Sophie M
858 NERI Mark Peter G
859 NERO Ma. Josenia A
860 NGAMIOTEN Many S
861 NGO Tom Jayson O
862 NICOLAS Kristian A
863 NICOLAS Menilba M
864 NILLO Aquino Martin V
865 NIONES John Paul D
866 NOCETE Randy F
867 NOCHE Kristen G
868 NODQUE Vida Grace Z
869 NOGOY Ivy Grace B
870 NOLASCO Charisma I
871 NOLASCO Leonid C
872 NOLASCO, JR. Ramon C
873 NUEVO Shirley O
874 NUÑEZ Victor Maria D

Roll of Successful Bar Examinees
Held on September 7, 14, 21, and 28, 2008
Released on April 3, 2009

875 OBIAL Florence Ed T
876 OBTINALLA, JR. Simeon C
877 OBUS Jose Julius P
878 OCAMPO Francis Louie U
879 OCAMPO Nancy M
880 OCAMPO Rory Jorge L
881 OCANG Jeffrey James G
882 OCHE Jonathan S
883 OCHOA-SARMIENTO Faustina Victoria E
884 OLARTE Rosemarie T
885 OLIDAN Maria Karen S
886 OLIVAR Carlo U
887 OMADTO Jeffrey P
888 ONDOY, JR. Fermin D
889 ONG Cezar S
890 ONGKIKO Emil Bien F
891 ONGSIAPCO Carmela S
892 ONIA, JR. Modesto F
893 ONTALAN Frances Mae Cherryl K
894 ORDAS Nathalia V
895 ORENCIO Donna O
896 OROLA Christopher George L
897 OROPILLA Majellyn N
898 ORTEGA Luz Matilde Niña Dorotea T
899 ORTIZ Ianela Carla M
900 ORTIZ Ruel A
901 OSORIO Fair Lady T
902 OVALLES Franchesca T
903 OÑATE Ronald G

Roll of Successful Bar Examinees
Held on September 7, 14, 21, and 28, 2008
Released on April 3, 2009

904 PABALAN Analyn T
905 PACIO Maricar P
906 PACOLI Marco Antonio G
907 PACURIBOT Jennifer C
908 PADAYAO Renchi May M
909 PADERANGA, JR. Goering George A
910 PADILLA Jennifer G
911 PAGHACIAN Chiqui H
912 PAGKATIPUNAN Joel V
913 PAGLINAWAN Al F
914 PAGLINAWAN George Ahmed G
915 PAGTAKHAN June Ann R
916 PAGUICAN Adrian D
917 PAGULAYAN Amorsito B
918 PAGULAYAN Domiciano A
919 PAGUNTALAN Mark Geoffrey P
920 PAHUGOT-TOLEDO Anatrinel T
921 PALABRICA Gladys Pearl T
922 PALAO-GUARINO Dioanne B
923 PALILEO Anya M
924 PALISOC Marianne R
925 PALMA Richard Alfred N
926 PALMES Jacqueline H
927 PALOMO Alaine Arnolf A
928 PAMFILO Floralie M
929 PAMONAG Ronilo L
930 PANCHO Frela S
931 PANES-POTUTAN Janeth O
932 PANGANIBAN Jefren P
933 PANGAPALAN Glen A
934 PANGHULAN Garry A
935 PANGILINAN Erlyn Aurea T
936 PANIS Rhuel D
937 PAQUEO Alwen M
938 PARADERO-GUZMAN Katharine Freida B
939 PARAOAN Karl Patrick N
940 PARAÑAL Marveluna A
941 PARDIAN, JR. Joseph L
942 PAREJA Randy M
943 PAROJINOG Gemma F
944 PASCUA Charity L
945 PASCUA Ramar Niel V
946 PASCUA Raymond Joseph D
947 PASCUAL Rigor R
948 PASTELERO Miguel Antonio B
949 PASTORES Stella Angela G
950 PATAJO Jose Paolo A
951 PATRIARCA Richard P
952 PAYLIP Rosevee R
953 PEGARIDO Erlyn M
954 PELANDOC Rico S
955 PELAYO Virgie Lynn O
956 PERALTA Arjay N
957 PERANG Dennis C
958 PEREZ Gene Vincent G
959 PEREZ Joseph Brian T
960 PEREZ Ma. Kathryn Joy Q
961 PERILLO Patrick Simon S
962 PESCADOR Jeremy L
963 PESTAÑO Rose Mae F
964 PEÑALOSA Wilfred Ramon M
965 PHUA Marc Achilles M
966 PICHAY Jane Laarni O
967 PILLADO Noreen A
968 PINEDA Cristina Mia S
969 POBLETE Jonathan Sixto M
970 POBRE Christopher H
971 POLITICO Jeicqpoi N
972 PONFERRADA Regidor A
973 PONSARAN Joy Marie B
974 PONSARAN Raizuli A
975 PONTANAL Alpha Carole O
976 PONTEJOS Fiona G
977 PONTIOSO Rhea Mae A
978 PRADO Crystal I
979 PROSIANOS Myrtle B
980 PUA-NG Janelyn S
981 PUASO Garry Franco C
982 PUGOY Roland Jun S
983 PULMA Dionne E
984 PUNO Charles Michael T
985 PURUEL Rojane M
986 PUZON David Julian G
987 PUZON Kaythreene Eunice G

Roll of Successful Bar Examinees
Held on September 7, 14, 21, and 28, 2008
Released on April 3, 2009

988 QUAN Ryan Jeremiah D
989 QUE Nanette A
990 QUERRER Janice S
991 QUEZON Don-vic P
992 QUIDATO Sherwin Paul E
993 QUILENTE Mary Grace C
994 QUIMPO Maria Kristine A
995 QUINAGAN Cristina Mae G
996 QUINTANA Rizza R
997 QUIRINO-ABALOS Sylvia Maria Anna P
998 QUITAIN Elizabeth F
999 QUITAIN Katherine F
1000 QUIZO Mary Therese P

Roll of Successful Bar Examinees
Held on September 7, 14, 21, and 28, 2008
Released on April 3, 2009

1001 RABAGO Rey S
1002 RABORAR Eden R
1003 RACHO Melanie V
1004 RADJAIE Tareeq Yahya Timhar A
1005 RAFAL Chris A
1006 RAGASA Jerleah Remedios B
1007 RAGAY Mera Jane C
1008 RAIMUNDO Rhudilyn April B
1009 RAMIREZ Leslie B
1010 RAMIREZ Shaina Anella B
1011 RAMOS Anna Lorem R
1012 RAMOS Gemma Lou P
1013 RAMOS Ginalyn Y
1014 RAMOS Patrick T
1015 RAMOS, III Primo A
1016 RANARA Lilibeth R
1017 RANCES Domnina T
1018 RANCES Esther Rose N
1019 RAPISTA Judy Marie E
1020 RAYMUNDO Vanessa C
1021 RAZON Judy B
1022 RECINTO Alex G
1023 RECIO Marichelle B
1024 RECTA Gracea Hephzibah R
1025 REFAZO Mynoa M
1026 REFE Analyn E
1027 REGIS April Love C
1028 REMIGIO, JR. Glenn A
1029 REMULLA Giselle B
1030 RENEGADO Renato C
1031 RENOMERON Timm B
1032 RESURRECCION Maria Greta R
1033 REUYAN-DABON Joyous S
1034 REVILLA, JR. Quirino P
1035 REYES Antoinette E
1036 REYES Irene Patricia N
1037 REYES John Adelbert L
1038 REYES Johnson G
1039 REYES Kristine Mari I
1040 REYES Mark A
1041 REYES Ron Winston A
1042 REYES Valerie Jill S
1043 RIBAS James Paul J
1044 RICAFORT Evita Mariz M
1045 RICO Ellen S
1046 RIVAMONTE Ryan B
1047 RIVAS Polaris Grace H
1048 RIVERA Augustine A
1049 RIVERA Francinina Gracia I
1050 RIVERA Joy S
1051 RIVERA-ESTRELLA Jaycee R
1052 ROBILLO Ernesto Raphael V
1053 ROBLES Frederick Joe N
1054 RODRIGO, III Romeo G
1055 RODRIGUEZ Karen Joyce D
1056 RODRIGUEZ Niño A
1057 RODRIGUEZ Renel Joseph T
1058 RONGO Marcelino C
1059 ROQUE Anna Kristina D
1060 ROQUE Nelson Silvestre
1061 ROSALES Juvy Grace E
1062 ROSARIO Albert R
1063 ROSARIO Lotis P
1064 ROSELLO Jalika Mae F
1065 ROVERO, JR. Vicente F
1066 ROXAS Chino Paolo Z
1067 ROXAS Johndy B
1068 ROXAS Rea M
1069 RUANTO Chris Paolo R
1070 RUBENECIA Vic Allan E
1071 RUBIO Carl Andrew M
1072 RUIZ Ariel N
1073 RUIZ Cholyn Mae M
1074 RUIZ Jose Meno C

Roll of Successful Bar Examinees
Held on September 7, 14, 21, and 28, 2008
Released on April 3, 2009

1075 SABARRE Rino E
1076 SABARRE-INFANTE Rosario E
1077 SABERON Paul Richard A
1078 SABIO Fides Angeli G
1079 SADANG Felton C
1080 SADIA Francisco F
1081 SAGA Alvin L
1082 SAGAUINIT Kenneth C
1083 SAGMON Ingrid P
1084 SAGPAEY Jake A
1085 SAHIRON Lilian I
1086 SAIDDI Pherham S
1087 SAJILI Aquino J
1088 SAKANDAL Al-kadam A
1089 SAKKAM Eric Ismael P
1090 SALA Mashur S
1091 SALADAGA Romeo A
1092 SALAZAR Armida B
1093 SALAZAR Didith A
1094 SALAZAR Doris Sharry P
1095 SALAZAR Johnsen A
1096 SALAZAR Roberto A
1097 SALCEDO Karl Andre G
1098 SALE Jenny U
1099 SALEM Ephraim Garnet M
1100 SALIENTE Jacqueline Kate T
1101 SALONGA Christianne Grace F
1102 SALUD Joseph B
1103 SALVA Jocelyn T
1104 SALVE Allan O
1105 SALVO Ariel C
1106 SAMONTE Aren Marie H
1107 SAMPIOR Jorrey T
1108 SAMSON Benjamin R
1109 SAN JOSE Aiza Katrina L
1110 SANCHEZ Bheejhay D
1111 SANCHEZ, II Jay Karel P
1112 SANTIAGO Genesi M
1113 SANTIAGO James A
1114 SANTIAGO Jay Patrick R
1115 SANTIAGO Joann Norpeth M
1116 SANTIAGO Michael M
1117 SANTOS Jhon V
1118 SANTOS Ma. Angelica M
1119 SANTOS Melissa A
1120 SANTOS Michelle Sharon Clara C
1121 SANTOS Phillip Charles G
1122 SANTOS Regina Azucena G
1123 SAQUETON Maria Cresenciana M
1124 SAQUING Sheryl B
1125 SARENAS Jason Kyle M
1126 SARMIENTO Ramon Abraham A
1127 SARNO Michael Angelo C
1128 SATURNINO Charles Ian O
1129 SAYAO Rosemarie B
1130 SECILLANO Jefferson C
1131 SEE Mary Kimberlie C
1132 SEGURA Richelle R
1133 SELPATEN Rodante C
1134 SEMA Omar Yasser C
1135 SENO Andrei P
1136 SERRANO Edward Robinson P
1137 SERRANO Juanito D
1138 SESE John Martin H
1139 SETIAS Lorevi Grace C
1140 SEVA Farrah Mae R
1141 SEVILLA Miracle Joy P
1142 SIA Teresa Geraldine C
1143 SIA, III Quintin P
1144 SIAO Kristin Charisse C
1145 SIASON Alfonso Miguel ML
1146 SIH Davidson Rich L
1147 SILANGA Donnalee G
1148 SILVALA Michael Philip B
1149 SINOGBA Rosalio S
1150 SIRUNO Christian Paul G
1151 SISON Adrian Manuel P
1152 SISON Anna Marin F
1153 SISON Jeffrey Michael F
1154 SISON Sarah Maria Q
1155 SISON-JAVIER Sheila Marie V
1156 SOBERANO Maria Jomah F
1157 SOJOR Alvie Marie L
1158 SOLANO John Albert S
1159 SOLERO Dhalya Grace M
1160 SOLIDON Trina Joy A
1161 SOLIS Carlo Roberto C
1162 SOLIVAS Jasmine L
1163 SOMBRITO Jenny Mae Z
1164 SOMERA Helen Grace J
1165 SORIANO Donna S
1166 SORIANO Marlon U
1167 STA. ANA-LAZARO Bernadeth N
1168 STA. ROSA Karla A
1169 SUBEJANO Z’sa May B
1170 SUBIBI Arneil B
1171 SUELO Risha Mae J
1172 SUGUE Neil Anthony L
1173 SUGUI Louella S
1174 SUGUITAN Sara Jane A
1175 SUMAGAYSAY Nasty Jones S
1176 SUMPO Gilda A
1177 SUSON Mary Ann W
1178 SY Anthony Jordan L
1179 SY Maritess C

Roll of Successful Bar Examinees
Held on September 7, 14, 21, and 28, 2008
Released on April 3, 2009

1180 TABANERA Lynnicel L
1181 TABLATE Jaemarie N
1182 TADEO Ryan T
1183 TAGABING-GALANO Lovelorn S
1184 TAMAYO Ray Jean D
1185 TAMON Bernard O
1186 TAMPON Aaron L
1187 TAN Art Laurent A
1188 TAN Ashley Lene N
1189 TAN Christine Joy K
1190 TAN Eunice Hyacinth L
1191 TAN Francis Ambrosio S
1192 TAN Norma A
1193 TANDOG Frances Cyrille F
1194 TANGONAN, III Eugenio N
1195 TANGUANCO Alvin B
1196 TAPAYAN Olive Grace A
1197 TAPIA Arvin Q
1198 TAYLAN Kathrine S
1199 TE Marilyn O
1200 TECSON Arlene Grace DV
1201 TECSON Ferdinand C
1202 TED Rosbie I
1203 TELAN Allison Zoila M
1204 TELAN Melissa Anne M
1205 TEMPROSA Charmie Clare T
1206 TEODORO Edison C
1207 TEODOSIO Therese T
1208 TIMBOL Chrysostom T
1209 TIMBREZA Nannette M
1210 TINAZA Leah B
1211 TIPAN Erlinda Candy S
1212 TIU Heli B
1213 TOLEDO Marjorie Ann C
1214 TOLENTINO Mark Kristopher G
1215 TOLENTINO Rommel T
1216 TOLOSA, JR. Benjamin S
1217 TOPACIO Anthony Leonard G
1218 TOQUERO Ismael A
1219 TORBELA Paolo G
1220 TORMES Francy D
1221 TORMIS Maria Carmen R
1222 TORREDES Artemio Jay G
1223 TORRENTIRA Aldrin O
1224 TORREVILLAS Manuenilda Rosario A
1225 TORRIL Jennifer M
1226 TRINIDAD Rudyard Anthony M
1227 TRIPOLI Christopher P
1228 TUAZON, III Jerome Victor C
1229 TUBBAN Henry Junior B
1230 TUMANENG Angeline M
1231 TUPAS Gene Carl L
1232 TUTOR, JR. Fidel S
1233 TY Robert Leo C

Roll of Successful Bar Examinees
Held on September 7, 14, 21, and 28, 2008
Released on April 3, 2009

1234 UBOD Ronel A
1235 UDARBE Dendo G
1236 UGALINO Karen Anne M
1237 ULANDAY Marcelo N
1238 UMILA, II Benito B
1239 UNTALAN Mialeen C
1240 UY Jerilee V
1241 UY Juan Carlos T

Roll of Successful Bar Examinees
Held on September 7, 14, 21, and 28, 2008
Released on April 3, 2009

1242 VALDEHUESA-ALFANTE Cathlyn E
1243 VALDEHUEZA Christian L
1244 VALENZUELA Carol G
1245 VALERA, JR. Joseph D
1246 VALLEJO Jenny May G
1247 VARGAS Carlo Alessandro B
1248 VASQUEZ Gerald DL
1249 VEGA Marie Crystal May C
1250 VEHEMENTE Renato R
1251 VELASQUEZ Cielito May T
1252 VELASQUEZ Kaima Via B
1253 VELASQUEZ Shirley G
1254 VELOSO Marius Fitzgerald E
1255 VENERACION Ma. Theresa S
1256 VER Christian Francis C
1257 VERANO Samuel C
1258 VERGARA Manolo Geoffrey C
1259 VERGARA, III Melito A
1260 VILLABLANCA Reymond Q
1261 VILLAMOR Jordana Day V
1262 VILLAMOR Michael Angelo A
1263 VILLAMOR Vimari D
1264 VILLANIA Reynold B
1265 VILLANUEVA Karl Anthony B
1266 VILLANUEVA Monica Isabelle I
1267 VILLANUEVA Wilnerson B
1268 VILLARIÑA Glenn C
1269 VILLASFER Dennis R
1270 VILLEGAS Adelwiza S
1271 VILLEGAS Jonathan C
1272 VILLEGAS, II Enrique C
1273 VILLENA Charito R
1274 VILLENA Katherine C
1275 VILLEROZ Raymond C
1276 VIRAY, III Marcial Joseph M
1277 VISTO Jay M
1278 VITAL Menita J

Roll of Successful Bar Examinees
Held on September 7, 14, 21, and 28, 2008
Released on April 3, 2009

1279 WADINGAN Lisle D
1280 WATANABE Ayako S
1281 WEE SIT IV Manuel M
1282 WONG Jessa G
1283 WONG Lynvic M

Roll of Successful Bar Examinees
Held on September 7, 14, 21, and 28, 2008
Released on April 3, 2009

1284 XAVIER Ela R

Roll of Successful Bar Examinees
Held on September 7, 14, 21, and 28, 2008
Released on April 3, 2009

1285 YABUT Michael C
1286 YADAO, JR. Arturo Y
1287 YAMBAO Marissa C
1288 YANOGACIO Mariel A
1289 YANSON Juvy D
1290 YANTO-VIRAY Catherine A
1291 YEBAN Ryan John T
1292 YPULONG Rhyne A
1293 YU Frederick T
1294 YUMUL Bess Joy M
1295 YUTATCO-SZE Gloriosa P
1296 YUZON-CHAVES Kristine Rosary E

Roll of Successful Bar Examinees
Held on September 7, 14, 21, and 28, 2008
Released on April 3, 2009

1297 ZALES Marvin L
1298 ZALSOS-UYCHIAT Maria Paz Teresa V
1299 ZAMBRANO Sheryl Jane C
1300 ZAMORA Ysabel Maria J
1301 ZAMORAS Joseph Ian S
1302 ZAPANTA Andrei J
1303 ZAPATA Ronadale M
1304 ZARA-RESURRECCION Jennefer F
1305 ZARAGOSA Jinky C
1306 ZARENO Michelle May I
1307 ZIPAGAN Myra T
1308 ZOLETA Tristan Ysaak M
1309 ZOSA Athena M
1310 ZOSA, III Manuel Eufracio F

RA-8792: Electronic Commerce Act of 2000

March 2nd, 2009

REPUBLIC ACT NO. 8792

REPUBLIC ACT NO. 8792 – AN ACT PROVIDING FOR THE RECOGNITION AND USE OF ELECTRONIC COMMERCIAL AND NON-COMMERCIAL TRANSACTIONS AND DOCUMENTS, PENALTIES FOR UNLAWFUL USE THEREOF AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the Republic of the Philippines in Congress assembled:

PART I
SHORT TITLE AND DECLARATION OF POLICY

Section 1. Short Title. – This Act shall be known as the “Electronic Commerce Act of 2000”.

Sec. 2. Declaration of Policy. – The State recognizes the vital role of information and communications technology (ICT) in nation-building; the need to create an information-friendly environment which supports and ensures the availability, diversity and affordability of ICT products and services; the primary responsibility of the private sector in contributing investments and services in telecommunications and information technology; the need to develop, with appropriate training programs and institutional policy changes, human resources for the information technology age, a labor force skilled in the use of ICT and a population capable of operating and utilizing electronic appliances and computers; its obligation to facilitate the transfer and promotion of adaptation technology, to ensure network security, connectivity and neutrality of technology for the national benefit; and the need to marshal, organize and deploy national information infrastructures, comprising in both telecommunications network and strategic information services, including their interconnection to the global information networks, with the necessary and appropriate legal, financial, diplomatic and technical framework, systems and facilities.

PART II
ELECTRONIC COMMERCE IN GENERAL

Sec. 3. Objective. – This Act aims to facilitate domestic and international dealings, transactions, arrangements, agreements, contracts and exchanges and storage of information through the utilization of electronic, optical and similar medium, mode, instrumentality and technology to recognize the authenticity and reliability of electronic documents related to such activities and to promote the universal use of electronic transaction in the government and general public.

Sec. 4. Sphere of Application. – This Act shall apply to any kind of data message and electronic document used in the context of commercial and non-commercial activities to include domestic and international dealings, transactions, arrangements, agreements, contracts and exchanges and storage of information.

Sec. 5. Definition of Terms. – For the purposes of this Act, the following terms are defined, as follows:

a. “Addressee” refers to a person who is intended by the originator to receive the electronic data message or electronic document. The term does not include a person acting as an intermediary with respect to that electronic data message or electronic document.

b. “Computer” refers to any device or apparatus which, by electronic,electro-mechanical or magnetic impulse, or by other means, is capable of receiving, recording, transmitting, storing, processing, retrieving, or producing information, data, figures, symbols or other modes of written expression according to mathematical and logical rules or of performing any one or more of those functions.

c. “Electronic Data Message” refers to information generated, sent, received or stored by electronic, optical or similar means.

d. “Information and Communication System” refers to a system intended for and capable of generating, sending, receiving, storing or otherwise processing electronic data messages or electronic documents and includes the computer system or other similar device by or in which data is recorded or stored and any procedures related to the recording or storage of electronic data message or electronic document.

e. “Electronic Signature” refers to any distinctive mark, characteristic and/or sound in electronic form, representing the identity of a person and attached to or logically associated with the electronic data message or electronic document or any methodology or procedures employed or adopted by a person and executed or adopted by such person with the intention of authenticating or approving an electronic data message or electronic document.

f. “Electronic Document” refers to information or the representation of information, data, figures, symbols or other modes of written expression, described or however represented, by which a right is established or an obligation extinguished, or by which a fact may be proved and affirmed, which is received, recorded, transmitted, stored, processed, retrieved or produced electronically.

g. “Electronic Key” refers to a secret code which secures and defendssensitive information that crosses over public channels into a form decipherable only with a matching electronic key.

h. “Intermediary” refers to a person who in behalf of another person and with respect to a particular electronic document sends, receives and/or stores or provides other services in respect of that electronic document.

i. “Originator” refers to a person by whom, or on whose behalf, the electronic document purports to have been created, generated and/or sent . The term does not include a person acting as an intermediary with respect to that electronic document.

j. “Service Provider” refers to a provider of –

(i) On-line services or network access, or the operator of facilities therefor, including entities offering the transmission, routing, or providing of connections for online communications, digital or otherwise, between or among points specified by a user, of electronic documents of the user’s choosing; or

(ii) The necessary technical means by which electronic documents of an originator may be stored and made accessible to a designated or undesignated third party;

Such service providers shall have no authority to modify or alter the content of the electronic data message or electronic document received or to make any entry therein on behalf of the originator, addressee or any third party unless specifically authorized to do so, and who shall retain the electronic document in accordance with the specific request or as necessary for the purpose of performing the services it was engaged to perform.

CHAPTER II
LEGAL RECOGNITION OF ELECTRONIC WRITING
OR DOCUMENT AND DATA MESSAGES

Sec. 6. Legal Recognition of Data Messages. – Information shall not be denied legal effect, validity or enforceability solely on the grounds that it is in the data message purporting to give rise to such legal effect, or that it is merely referred to in that electronic data message.

Sec. 7. Legal Recognition of Electronic Documents. – Electronic documents shall have the legal effect, validity or enforceability as any other document or legal writing, and –

(a) Where the law requires a document to be in writing, that requirement is met by an electronic document if the said electronic document maintains its integrity and reliability and can be authenticated so as to be usable for subsequent reference, in that –

(i) The electronic document has remained complete and unaltered, apart from the addition of any endorsement and any authorized change, or any change which arises in the normal course of communication, storage and display; and

(ii) The electronic document is reliable in the light of the purpose for which it was generated and in the light of all the relevant circumstances.

(b) Paragraph (a) applies whether the requirement therein is in the form of an obligation or whether the law simply provides consequences for the document not being presented or retained in its original form.

(c) Where the law requires that a document be presented or retained in its original form, that requirement is met by an electronic document if –

(i) There exists a reliable assurance as to the integrity of the document from the time when it was first generated in its final form; and

(ii) That document is capable of being displayed to the person to whom it is to be presented: Provided, That no provision of this Act shall apply to vary any and all requirements of existing laws on formalities required in the execution of documents for their validity.

For evidentiary purposes, an electronic document shall be the functional equivalent of a written document under existing laws.

This Act does not modify any statutory rule relating to the admissibility of electronic data messages or electronic documents, except the rules relating to authentication and best evidence.

Sec. 8. Legal Recognition of Electronic Signatures. – An electronic signature on the electronic document shall be equivalent to the signature of a person on a written document if that signature is proved by showing that a prescribed procedure, not alterable by the parties interested in the electronic document, existed under which –

(a) A method is used to identify the party sought to be bound and toindicate said party’s access to the electronic document necessary for his consent or approval through the electronic signature;

(b) Said method is reliable and appropriate for the purpose for which the electronic document was generated or communicated, in the light of all the circumstances, including any relevant agreement;

(c) It is necessary for the party sought to be bound, in order to proceed further with the transaction, to have executed or provided the electronic signature; and

(d) The other party is authorized and enabled to verify the electronic signature and to make the decision to proceed with the transaction authenticated by the same.

Sec. 9. Presumption Relating to Electronic Signatures. – In any proceedings involving an electronic signature, it shall be presumed that –

(a) The electronic signature is the signature of the person to whom itcorrelates; and

(b) The electronic signature was affixed by that person with the intention of signing or approving the electronic document unless the person relying on the electronically signed electronic document knows or has notice of defects in or unreliability of the signature or reliance on the electronic signature is not reasonable under the circumstances.

SEC. 10. Original Documents. – (1) Where the law requires information to be presented or retained in its original form, that requirement is met by an electronic data message or electronic document if:

(a) the integrity of the information from the time when it was firstgenerated in its final form, as an electronic data message or electronic document is shown by evidence aliunde or otherwise; and

(b) where it is required that information be presented, that the information is capable of being displayed to the person to whom it is to be presented.

(2) Paragraph (1) applies whether the requirement therein is in the form of an obligation or whether the law simply provides consequences for the information not being presented or retained in its original form.

(3) For the purposes of subparagraph (a) of paragraph (1):

(a) the criteria for assessing integrity shall be whether the information has remained complete and unaltered, apart from the addition of any endorsement and any change which arises in the normal course of communication, storage and display; and

(b) the standard of reliability required shall be assessed in the light of the purpose for which the information was generated and in the light of all relevant circumstances.

SEC. 11. Authentication of Electronic Data Messages and Electronic Documents. – Until the Supreme Court by appropriate rules shall have so provided, electronic documents, electronic data messages and electronic signatures, shall be authenticated by demonstrating, substantiating and validating a claimed identity of a user, device, or another entity in an information or communication system, among other ways, as follows:

(a) The electronic signature shall be authenticated by proof that a letter, character, number or other symbol in electronic form representing the persons named in and attached to or logically associated with an electronic data message, electronic document, or that the appropriate methodology or security procedures, when applicable, were employed or adopted by a person and executed or adopted by such person, with the intention of authenticating or approving an electronic data message or electronic document;

(b) The electronic data message and electronic document shall be authenticated by proof that an appropriate security procedure, when applicable was adopted and employed for the purpose of verifying the originator of an electronic data message and/or electronic document, orndetecting error or alteration in the communication, content or storage of an electronic document or electronic data message from a specific point, which, using algorithm or codes, identifying words or numbers, encryptions, answers back or acknowledgment procedures, or similar security devices.

The Supreme Court may adopt such other authentication procedures, including the use of electronic notarization systems as necessary and advisable, as well as the certificate of authentication on printed or hard copies of the electronic document or electronic data messages by electronic notaries, service providers and other duly recognized or appointed certification authorities.

The person seeking to introduce an electronic data message and electronic document in any legal proceeding has the burden of proving itsauthenticity by evidence capable of supporting a finding that the electronic data message and electronic document is what the person claims it to be.

In the absence of evidence to the contrary, the integrity of the information and communication system in which an electronic data message or electronic document is recorded or stored may be established in any legal proceeding –

(a) By evidence that at all material times the information andcommunication system or other similar device was operating in a manner that did not affect the integrity of the electronic data message and/or electronic document, and there are no other reasonable grounds to doubt the integrity of the information and communication system;

(b) By showing that the electronic data message and/or electronic document was recorded or stored by a party to the proceedings who is adverse in interest to the party using it; or

(c) By showing that the electronic data message and/or electronic document was recorded or stored in the usual and ordinary course of business by a person who is not a party to the proceedings and who did not act under the control of the party using the record.

SEC. 12. Admissibility and Evidential Weight of Electronic Data Message and Electronic Documents. – In any legal proceedings, nothing in the application of the rules on evidence shall deny the admissibility of an electronic data message or electronic document in evidence –

a. On the sole ground that it is in electronic form; or

b. On the ground that it is not in the standard written form and electronic data message or electronic document meeting, and complying with the requirements under Sections 6 or 7 hereof shall be the best evidence of the agreement and transaction contained therein.

In assessing the evidential weight of an electronic data message or electronic document, the reliability of the manner in which it was generated, stored or communicated, the reliability of the manner in which its originator was identified, and other relevant factors shall be given due regard.

SEC. 13. Retention of Electronic Data Message and Electronic Document. – Notwithstanding any provision of law, rule or regulation to the contrary –

(a) The requirement in any provision of law that certaindocuments be retained in their original form is satisfied by retaining them in the form of an electronic data message or electronic document which –

i. Remains accessible so as to be usable for subsequent reference;

ii. Is retained in the format in which it was generated, sent or received, or in a format which can be demonstrated to accurately represent the electronic data message or electronic document generated, sent or received;

iii. Enables the identification of its originator and addressee, as well as the determination of the date and the time it was sent or received.

(b) The requirement referred to in paragraph (a) is satisfied by using the services of a third party, provided that the conditions set forth insubparagraphs (i), (ii) and (iii) of paragraph (a) are met.

SEC. 14. Proof By Affidavit. – The matters referred to in Section 12, on admissibility and Section 9, on the presumption of integrity, may be presumed to have been established by an affidavit given to the best of thedeponent’s knowledge subject to the rights of parties in interest as
defined in the following section.

SEC. 15. Cross-Examination. – (1) A deponent of an affidavit referred to in Section 14 that has been introduced in evidence may be cross-examined as of right by a party to the proceedings who is adverse in interest to the party who has introduced the affidavit or has caused theaffidavit to be introduced.

(2) Any party to the proceedings has the right to cross-examine a person referred to in Section 11, paragraph 4, sub-paragraph c.

CHAPTER III
COMMUNICATION OF ELECTRONIC DATA
MESSAGES AND ELECTRONIC DOCUMENTS

SEC. 16. Formation and Validity of Electronic Contracts. – (1) Except as otherwise agreed by the parties, an offer, the acceptance of an offer and such other elements required under existing laws for the formation of contracts may be expressed in, demonstrated and proved by means of electronic data message or electronic documents and no contract shall be denied validity or enforceability on the sole ground that it is in the form of an electronic data message or electronic document, or that any or all of the elements required under existing laws for the formation of the contracts is expressed, demonstrated and proved by means of electronic documents.

(2) Electronic transactions made through networking among banks, or linkages thereof with other entities or networks, and vice versa, shall be deemed consummated upon the actual dispensing of cash or the debit of one account and the corresponding credit to another, whether such transaction is initiated by the depositor or by an authorized collecting party: Provided, that the obligation of one bank, entity, or person similarly situated to another arising therefrom shall be considered absoluteand shall not be subjected to the process of preference of credits.

SEC. 17. Recognition by Parties of Electronic Data Message or Electronic Document. – As between the originator and the addressee of a electronic data message or electronic document, a declaration of will or other statement shall not be denied legal effect, validity or enforceability solely on the ground that it is in the form of a electronic data message.

SEC. 18. Attribution of Electronic Data Message. – (1) An electronic data message or electronic document is that of the originator ifit was sent by the originator himself.

(2) As between the originator and the addressee, an electronic data message or electronic document is deemed to be that of the originator if itwas sent:

(a) by a person who had the authority to act on behalf of the originator with respect to that electronic data message or electronic document; or

(b) by an information system programmed by, or on behalf of the originator to operate automatically.

(3) As between the originator and the addressee, an addressee is entitled to regard an electronic data message or electronic document as being that of the originator, and to act on that assumption, if:

(a) in order to ascertain whether the electronic data message orelectronic document was that of the originator, the addressee properlyapplied a procedure previously agreed to by the originator for thatpurpose; or

(b) the electronic data message or electronic document as received by the addressee resulted from the actions of a person whose relationship with the originator or with any agent of the originator enabled that person to gain access to a method used by the originator to identify electronic data messages as his own.

(4) Paragraph (3) does not apply:

(a) as of the time when the addressee has both received notice from the originator that the electronic data message or electronic document is not that of the originator, and has reasonable time to act accordingly; or

(b) in a case within paragraph (3) sub-paragraph (b), at any time whenthe addressee knew or should have known, had it exercised reasonable care or used any agreed procedure, that the electronic data message or electronic document was not that of the originator.

(5) Where an electronic data message or electronic document is that of the originator or is deemed to be that of the originator, or the addressee is entitled to act on that assumption, then, as between the originator and the addressee, the addressee is entitled to regard the electronic data message or electronic document as received as being what the originator intended to send, and to act on that assumption. The addressee is not so entitled when it knew or should have known, had it exercised reasonable care or used any agreed procedure, that the transmission resulted in any error in the electronic data message or electronic document as received.

(6) The addressee is entitled to regard each electronic data message or electronic document received as a separate electronic data message or electronic document and to act on that assumption, except to the extent that it duplicates another electronic data message or electronic documentand the addressee knew or should have known, had it exercised reasonable care or used any agreed procedure, that the electronic data message or electronic document was a duplicate.

SEC. 19. Error on Electronic Data Message or Electronic Document. – The addressee is entitled to regard the electronic data message or electronic document received as that which the originator
intended to send, and to act on that assumption, unless the addressee knew or should have known, had the addressee exercised reasonable care or used the appropriate procedure –

(a) That the transmission resulted in any error therein or in the electronicdocument when the electronic data message or electronic documententers the designated information system, or

(b) That electronic data message or electronic document is sent to an information system which is not so designated by the addressee for thepurpose.

SEC. 20. Agreement on Acknowledgment of Receipt of Electronic Data Messages or Electronic Documents. – The following rules shall apply where, on or before sending an electronic data message or electronic document, the originator and the addressee have agreed, or in that electronic document or electronic data message, the originator has requested, that receipt of the electronic document or electronic data message be acknowledged:

a) Where the originator has not agreed with the addressee that theacknowledgment be given in a particular form or by a particular method,an acknowledgment may be given by or through any communication bythe addressee, automated or otherwise, or any conduct of the addressee,sufficient to indicate to the originator that the electronic data message orelectronic document has been received.

(b) Where the originator has stated that the effect or significance of theelectronic data message or electronic document is conditional on receiptof the acknowledgment thereof, the electronic data message or electronic document is treated as though it has never been sent, until the acknowledgment is received.

(c) Where the originator has not stated that the effect or significance ofthe electronic data message or electronic document is conditional onreceipt of the acknowledgment, and the acknowledgment has not been received by the originator within the time specified or agreed or, if notime has been specified or agreed, within a reasonable time, the originator may give notice to the addressee stating that no acknowledgment hasbeen received and specifying a reasonable time by which the acknowledgment must be received; and if the acknowledgment is not received within the time specified in subparagraph (c), the originator may,upon notice to the addressee, treat the electronic document or electronicdata message as though it had never been sent, or exercise any other rights it may have.

SEC. 21. Time of Dispatch of Electronic Data Messages or Electronic Documents. – Unless otherwise agreed between the originator and the addressee, the dispatch of an electronic data message or electronic document occurs when it enters an information system outside the control of the originator or of the person who sent the electronic data message or electronic document on behalf of the originator.

SEC. 22. Time of Receipt of Electronic Data Messages or Electronic Documents. – Unless otherwise agreed between the originator and the addressee, the time of receipt of an electronic data message or electronic document is as follows:

(a) If the addressee has designated an information system for thepurpose of receiving electronic data message or electronic document,receipt occurs at the time when the electronic data message or electronicdocument enters the designated information system: Provided, however,that if the originator and the addressee are both participants in thedesignated information system, receipt occurs at the time when theelectronic data message or electronic document is retrieved by theaddressee.

(b) If the electronic data message or electronic document is sent to aninformation system of the addressee that is not the designated information system, receipt occurs at the time when the electronic data message orelectronic document is retrieved by the addressee;

(c) If the addressee has not designated an information system, receiptoccurs when the electronic data message or electronic document entersan information system of the addressee.

These rules apply notwithstanding that the place where the information system is located may be different from the place where the electronic data message or electronic document is deemed to be received.

SEC. 23. Place of Dispatch and Receipt of Electronic Data Messages or Electronic Documents. – Unless otherwise agreed between the originator and the addressee, an electronic data message or electronic document is deemed to be dispatched at the place where the originator has its place of business and received at the place where the addressee has its place of business. This rule shall apply even if the originator or addressee had used a laptop or other portable device to transmit or receive his electronic data message or electronic document. This rule shall also apply to determine the tax situs of such transaction.

For the purpose hereof –

a. If the originator or the addressee has more than one place of business,the place of business is that which has the closest relationship to the underlying transaction or, where there is no underlying transaction, theprincipal place of business.

b. If the originator of the addressee does not have a place of business, reference is to be made to its habitual residence; or

c. The “usual place of residence” in relation to a body corporate, means the place where it is incorporated or otherwise legally constituted.

SEC. 24. Choice of Security Methods. – Subject to applicable laws and/or rules and guidelines promulgated by the Department of Trade and Industry with other appropriate government agencies, parties to any electronic transaction shall be free to determine the type and level of
electronic data message and electronic document security needed, and to select and use or implement appropriate technological methods that suit their needs.

PART III
ELECTRONIC COMMERCE IN SPECIFIC AREAS
CHAPTER I.
CARRIAGE OF GOODS

SEC. 25. Actions Related to Contracts of Carriage of Goods. – Without derogating from the provisions of part two of this law, this chapter applies to any action in connection with, or in pursuance of, a contract of carriage of goods, including but not limited to:

(a) (i) furnishing the marks, number, quantity or weight of goods;

(ii) stating or declaring the nature or value of goods;

(iii) issuing a receipt for goods;

(iv) confirming that goods have been loaded;

(b) (i) notifying a person of terms and conditions of the contract;

(ii) giving instructions to a carrier; chanrobles law firm

(c) (i) claiming delivery of goods;

(ii) authorizing release of goods;

(iii) giving notice of loss of, or damage to, goods;

(d) giving any other notice or statement in connection with the
performance of the contract;

(e) undertaking to deliver goods to a named person or a person

(f) granting, acquiring, renouncing, surrendering, transferring or
negotiating rights in goods;

(g) acquiring or transferring rights and obligations under the contract.

SEC. 26. Transport Documents. – (1) Where the law requires that any action referred to contract of carriage of goods be carried out in writing or by using a paper document, that requirement is met if the action is carried out by using one or more data messages or electronic documents.

(2) Paragraph (1) applies whether the requirement therein is in the form of an obligation or whether the law simply provides consequences for failing either to carry out the action in writing or to use a paper document.

(3) If a right is to be granted to, or an obligation is to be acquired by, one person and no other person, and if the law requires that, in order to effect this, the right or obligation must be conveyed to that person by the transfer, or use of, a paper document, that requirement is met if the right or obligation is conveyed by using one or more electronic data messages or electronic documents unique;

(4) For the purposes of paragraph (3), the standard of reliability required shall be assessed in the light of the purpose for which the right or obligation was conveyed and in the light of all the circumstances, including any relevant agreement.

(5) Where one or more data messages are used to effect any action in subparagraphs (f) and (g) of Section 25, no paper document used to effect any such action is valid unless the use of electronic data message orelectronic document has been terminated and replaced by the use of paper documents. A paper document issued in these circumstances shall contain a statement of such termination. The replacement of electronic data messages or electronic documents by paper documents shall not affect the rights or obligations of the parties involved.

(6) If a rule of law is compulsorily applicable to a contract of carriage of goods which is in, or is evidenced by, a paper document, that rule shall not be inapplicable to such a contract of carriage of goods which is evidenced by one or more electronic data messages or electronic documents by reason of the fact that the contract is evidenced by such electronic data messages or electronic documents instead of by a paper document.

PART IV
ELECTRONIC TRANSACTIONS IN GOVERNMENT

SEC. 27. Government Use of Electronic Data Messages, Electronic Documents and Electronic Signatures. – Notwithstanding any law to the contrary, within two (2) years from thedate of the effectivity of this Act, all departments, bureaus, offices and agencies of the government, as well as all government-owned and-controlled corporations, that pursuant to law require or accept the filing of documents, require that documents be created, or retained and/or submitted, issue permits, licenses or certificates of registration or approval, or provide for the method and manner of payment or settlement of fees and other obligations to the government, shall –

(a) accept the creation, filing or retention of such documents in the formof electronic data messages or electronic documents;

(b) issue permits, licenses, or approval in the form of electronic data messages or electronic documents;

(c) require and/or accept payments, and issue receipts acknowledging such payments, through systems using electronic data messages orelectronic documents; or

(d) transact the government business and/or perform governmental functions using electronic data messages or electronic documents, and forthe purpose, are authorized to adopt and promulgate, after appropriatepublic hearing and with due publication in newspapers of general circulation, the appropriate rules, regulations, or guidelines, to, among others, specify –

(1) the manner and format in which such electronic data messages orelectronic documents shall be filed, created, retained or issued;

(2) where and when such electronic data messages or electronic documents have to be signed, the use of a electronic signature, the typeof electronic signature required;

(3) the format of an electronic data message or electronic document and the manner the electronic signature shall be affixed to the electronic data message or electronic document;

(4) the control processes and procedures as appropriate to ensure adequate integrity, security and confidentiality of electronic datamessages or electronic documents or records or payments;

(5) other attributes required of electronic data messages or electronic documents or payments; and

(6) the full or limited use of the documents and papers for compliance with the government requirements: Provided, That this Act shall by itself mandate any department of the government, organ of state or statutory corporation to accept or issue any document in the form of electronicdata messages or electronic documents upon the adoption, promulgation and publication of the appropriate rules, regulations, or guidelines.

SEC. 28. RPWEB To Promote the Use Of Electronic Documents and Electronic Data Messages In Government and to the General Public. – Within two (2) years from the effectivity of this Act, there shall be installed an electronic online network in accordance with Administrative Order 332 and House of Representatives Resolution 890, otherwise known as RPWEB, to implement Part IV of this Act to facilitate the open, speedy and efficient electronic online transmission, conveyance and use of electronic data messages or electronic documents amongst all government departments, agencies, bureaus, offices down to the division level and to the regional and provincial offices as practicable as possible, government owned and controlled corporations, local
government units, other public instrumentalities, universities, colleges andother schools, and universal access to the general public.

The RPWEB network shall serve as initial platform of the government information infrastructure (GII) to facilitate the electronic online transmission and conveyance of government services to evolve and improve by better technologies or kinds of electronic online wide area networks utilizing, but not limited to, fiber optic, satellite, wireless and other broadband telecommunication mediums or modes. To facilitate the rapid development of the GII, the Department of Transportation and Communications, National Telecommunications Commission and the National Computer Center are hereby directed to aggressively promote and implement a policy environment and regulatory or non-regulatory framework that shall lead to the substantial reduction of costs of including, but not limited to, lease lines, land, satellite and dial-up
telephone access, cheap broadband and wireless accessibility by government departments, agencies, bureaus, offices, government owned and controlled corporations, local government units, other public instrumentalities and the general public, to include the establishment of agovernment website portal and a domestic internet exchange system to facilitate strategic access to government and amongst agencies thereof and the general public and for the speedier flow of locally generated internet traffic within the Philippines.

The physical infrastructure of cable and wireless systems for cable TV and broadcast excluding programming and content and the management thereof shall be considered as within the activity of telecommunications for the purpose of electronic commerce and to maximize the convergence
of ICT in the installation of the GII.

SEC. 29. Authority of the Department of Trade and Industry and Participating Entities. – The Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) shall direct and supervise the promotion and development of electronic commerce in the country with relevant government agencies, without
prejudice to the provisions of Republic Act. 7653 (Charter of Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas) and Republic Act No. 337 (General Banking Act), as amended.

Among others, the DTI is empowered to promulgate rules and regulations, as well as provide quality standards or issue certifications, as the case may be, and perform such other functions as may be necessary for the implementation of this Act in the area of electronic commerce to
include, but shall not be limited to, the installation of an online public information and quality and price monitoring system for goods and services aimed in protecting the interests of the consuming public availingof the advantages of this Act.

PART V
FINAL PROVISIONS

SEC. 30. Extent of Liability of a Service Provider. – Except as otherwise provided in this Section, no person or party shall be subject to any civil or criminal liability in respect of the electronic data message or electronic document for which the person or party acting as a service
provider as defined in Section 5 merely provides access if such liability is founded on –

(a) The obligations and liabilities of the parties under the electronic data message or electronic document;

(b) The making, publication, dissemination or distribution of such materialor any statement made in such material, including possible infringement ofany right subsisting in or in relation to such material: Provided, That:

i. The service provider does not have actual knowledge, or is not awareof the facts or circumstances from which it is apparent, that the making,publication, dissemination or distribution of such material is unlawful orinfringes any rights subsisting in or in relation to such material;

ii. The service provider does not knowingly receive a financial benefitdirectly attributable to the unlawful or infringing activity; and

iii. The service provider does not directly commit any infringement or other unlawful act and does not induce or cause another person or partyto commit any infringement or other unlawful act and/or does not benefit financially from the infringing activity or unlawful act of another person orparty: Provided, further, That nothing in this Section shall affect –

a) Any obligation founded on contract;

b) The obligation of a service provider as such under a licensing or other regulatory regime established under written law; or

c) Any obligation imposed under any written law;

d) The civil liability of any party to the extent that such liability forms thebasis for injunctive relief issued by a court under any law requiring thatthe service provider take or refrain from actions necessary to remove, block or deny access to any material, or to preserve evidence of a violation of law.

SEC. 31. Lawful Access. – Access to an electronic file, or an electronic signature of an electronic data message or electronic document shall only be authorized and enforced in favor of the individual or entity having a legal right to the possession or the use of the plaintext, electronic
signature or file and solely for the authorized purposes. The electronic key for identity or integrity shall not be made available to any person or party without the consent of the individual or entity in lawful possession ofthat electronic key.

SEC. 32. Obligation of Confidentiality. – Except for the purposes authorized under this Act, any person who obtained access to any electronic key, electronic data message, or electronic document, book, register, correspondence, information, or other material pursuant to any
powers conferred under this Act, shall not convey to or share the same with any other person.

SEC. 33. Penalties. – The following Acts shall be penalized by fine and/or imprisonment, as follows:

(a) Hacking or cracking which refers to unauthorized access into orinterference in a computer system/server or information andcommunication system; or any access in order to corrupt, alter, steal, or destroy using a computer or other similar information and communication devices, without the knowledge and consent of the owner of thecomputer or information and communications system, including theintroduction of computer viruses and the like, resulting in the corruption,destruction, alteration, theft or loss of electronic data messages orelectronic document shall be punished by a minimum fine of one hundredthousand pesos (P100,000.00) and a maximum commensurate to thedamage incurred and a mandatory imprisonment of six (6) months tothree (3) years;

(b) Piracy or the unauthorized copying, reproduction, dissemination,distribution, importation, use, removal, alteration, substitution, modification, storage, uploading, downloading, communication, making available to the public, or broadcasting of protected material, electronicsignature or copyrighted works including legally protected sound recordings or phonograms or information material on protected works,through the use of telecommunication networks, such as, but not limitedto, the internet, in a manner that infringes intellectual property rights shallbe punished by a minimum fine of one hundred thousand pesos (P100,000.00) and a maximum commensurate to the damage incurred and a mandatory imprisonment of six (6) months to three (3) years;

(c) Violations of the Consumer Act or Republic Act No. 7394 and other relevant or pertinent laws through transactions covered by or usingelectronic data messages or electronic documents, shall be penalized withthe same penalties as provided in those laws;

(d) Other violations of the provisions of this Act, shall be penalized with a maximum penalty of onemillion pesos (P1,000,000.00) or six (6) years imprisonment.

SEC. 34. Implementing Rules and Regulations. – The DTI, Department of Budget and Management and the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas are hereby empowered to enforce the provisions of this Act andissue implementing rules and regulations necessary, in coordination withthe Department of Transportation and Communications, National Telecommunications Commission, National Computer Center, National Information Technology Council, Commission on Audit, other concernedagencies and the private sector, to implement this Act within sixty (60)days after its approval.

Failure to issue rules and regulations shall not in any manner affect the executory nature of the provisions of this Act.

SEC. 35. Oversight Committee. – There shall be a Congressional Oversight Committee composed of the Committees on Trade and Industry/Commerce, Science and Technology, Finance and
Appropriations of both the Senate and House of Representatives, which shall meet at least every quarter of the first two years and every semester for the third year after the approval of this Act to oversee its implementation. The DTI, DBM, Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas, and other
government agencies as may be determined by the Congressional Committee shall provide a quarterly performance report of their actions taken in the implementation of this Act for the first three (3) years.

SEC. 36. Appropriations. – The amount necessary to carry out the provisions of Secs. 27 and 28 of this Act shall be charged against any available funds and/or savings under the General Appropriations Act of 2000 in the first year of effectivity of this Act. Thereafter, the funds
needed for the continued implementation shall be included in the annual General Appropriations Act.

SEC. 37. Statutory Interpretation. – Unless otherwise expressly provided for, the interpretation of this Act shall give due regard to its international origin and the need to promote uniformity in its applicationand the observance of good faith in international trade relations. The generally accepted principles of international law and convention on electronic commerce shall likewise be considered.

SEC. 38. Variation by Agreement. – As between parties involved in generating, sending, receiving, storing or otherwise processing electronic data message or electronic document, any provision of this Act may be varied by agreement between and among them.

SEC. 39. Reciprocity. – All benefits, privileges, advantages or statutory rules established under this Act, including those involving practice of profession, shall be enjoyed only by parties whose country of origin grants the same benefits and privileges or advantages to Filipino citizens.

Sec. 40. Separability Clause. – The provisions of this Act are hereby declared separable and in the event of any such provision is declared unconstitutional, the other provisions, which are not affected, shall remainin force and effect.

Sec. 41. Repealing Clause. – All other laws, decrees, rules and regulations or parts thereof which are inconsistent with the provisions of this Act are hereby repealed, amended or modified accordingly.
Sec. 42. Effectivity. – This Act shall take effect immediately after its publication in the Official Gazette or in at least two (2) national newspapers of general circulation.

Approved:

(Sgd.) PRESIDENT JOSEPH E. ESTRADA